A station (sometimes called a loading platform) is a section of track on a roller coaster where riders enter and exit the cars. Stations use brakes to hold the train and friction wheels or LIMs to propel it forwards. Alternatively, the station may have a slight decline to allow the train to roll out under gravity.
A dual station is a type of station used on a small number of roller coasters. It consists of two stations parallel to the other. The track splits before entering the station, and combines after departing.
This means a train can load riders while another train unloads, theoretically increasing the hourly capacity of the roller coaster.
Both Vekoma and Bolliger & Mabillard have used a dual station on their flying roller coasters, due to concerns about how quickly the particular style of trains could be loaded and unloaded in correlation to the theoretical dispatch times. Intamin incorporated a dual station into their earlier Accelerator Coaster installations.
|Roller coaster||Amusement park||Company||Year|
|Batwing||Six Flags America||Vekoma||2001|
|Galactica||Alton Towers||Bolliger & Mabillard||2002|
|Superman Ultimate Flight||Six Flags Over Georgia||Bolliger & Mabillard||2002|
|Revenge of the Mummy||Universal Studios Florida||Premier Rides||2004|
|Kingda Ka||Six Flags Great Adventure||Intamin||2005|
|Tatsu||Six Flags Magic Mountain||Bolliger & Mabillard||2006|
|Manta||SeaWorld Orlando||Bolliger & Mabillard||2009|
|Harry Potter and the Escape from Gringotts||Universal Studios Florida||Unknown||2014|
|Acrobat||Nagashima Spa Land||Bolliger & Mabillard||2015|
|Flying Dinosaur||Universal Studios Japan||Bolliger & Mabillard||2016|
A sliding station is a type of station which can hold two trains at once. The platform slides or rotates to allow one train to load and unload riders while the other is in operation.
Sliding stations have been used on shuttle roller coasters to increase their capacity and also on short full-circuit roller coasters where the train completes more than one circuit of the track layout.
The first known roller coaster to have a sliding station is Pinfari's Big Apple turntable model. Introduced in the early 1980s, there are three known installations. The station is situated on a circular platform which rotates.
On larger roller coasters, air-gates are often used to control when guests can board the train. They are positioned such that they line up with the rows of the train and are operated from the control panel by the ride operator. Some roller coasters have additional queuing space for the front and back rows of the train, guaranteeing guests that are willing to wait longer a seat in the front or back row.
|Roller coaster descriptions|
|Basic elements||Brake run • Station|
|Advanced elements||Bunny hill • Headchopper • Inversions • Pre-Drop • Tunnel|
|Propulsion||Lift hill (Cable • Catch car • Chain • Electric spiral • Elevator • Ferris wheel • Friction wheel • Spiral)|
|Technology||Block brakes • On-ride camera • On-ride soundtrack • Train • car • Track • Transfer track • Wheel assembly|
|Other||Exclusive ride time • POV • Queue line • Rollback • Theming|