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TOGO was a Japanese roller coaster manufacturer known for inventing the stand-up roller coaster. TOGO filed for bankrupt in 2001, due to a lawsuit by Knott's Berry Farm for their problems with Windjammer Surf Racers. TOGO is also credited with creating the first working pipeline roller coaster. TOGO was infamous for their rough, sometimes even painful, rides. TOGO created several unique coasters, including its inverting roller coaster Manhattan Express (now known as The Big Apple Coaster) in Las Vegas, USA which combined both large drops and inversions. Their looping Wild Mouse roller coaster was a style of ride with a drop into a vertical loop, followed by the hairpin turns and drops of a traditional Wild Mouse.
TOGO is also renowned for inventing the Twist-and-Dive roll, an inversion. A variation of this maneuver included a half of an inclined loop instead of a half-loop, so the end of the element is at an angle. This was used on the now-defunct Viper at Six Flags Great Adventure.