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The Zyklon is very similar in structure and track layout to other portable Italian roller coasters, and as a result the "Zyklon" name is often used to refer to all roller coasters of this style.
 
The Zyklon is very similar in structure and track layout to other portable Italian roller coasters, and as a result the "Zyklon" name is often used to refer to all roller coasters of this style.
 
==Variations==
 
==Variations==
 
 
===Z40===
 
===Z40===
 
[[File:Rollies Coaster (Morey's Piers) 1.jpg|thumb|[[Rollies Coaster]], a Pinfari Z40]]
 
[[File:Rollies Coaster (Morey's Piers) 1.jpg|thumb|[[Rollies Coaster]], a Pinfari Z40]]
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===Z64===
 
===Z64===
Z64 is another non-looping Zyklon model. There are eight known to have been built.
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[[File:Jet Stream (Ocean Beach Amusement Park) 01.jpg|thumb|left|A Z64 installation, which was formerly located at [[Ocean Beach Amusement Park]] in the United Kingdom]]
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Z64 is the second-largest Zyklon layout. There are eight known to have been built, which operate with either single cars, two-car or three-car trains.
  
 
===Z78===
 
===Z78===
[[File:Tornado (Mega Park) 01.jpg|thumb|left|The back of a Zyklon Z78 coaster]]
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[[File:Tornado (Mega Park) 01.jpg|thumb|The back of a Zyklon Z78 coaster]]
 
This is the largest model of the Pinfari Zyklon line and has a lift hill crossing diagonally across the ride. There are three known to have been produced:
 
This is the largest model of the Pinfari Zyklon line and has a lift hill crossing diagonally across the ride. There are three known to have been produced:
 
*{{flag|USA}} [[Flying Dutchman]] at [[Dorney Park]]
 
*{{flag|USA}} [[Flying Dutchman]] at [[Dorney Park]]
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===ZL42===
 
===ZL42===
[[File:Hoola Loop 1.jpg|thumb|[[Hoola Loop]] in [[EsselWorld]].]]
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[[File:Hoola Loop 1.jpg|thumb|[[Hoola Loop]] at [[EsselWorld]], a ZL42]]
 
ZL42 is the third looping roller coaster model built by Pinfari. It was introduced in the 1980s and became a very popular model due to its exceptionally small footprint. It is the most common of the Zyklon model variations.  
 
ZL42 is the third looping roller coaster model built by Pinfari. It was introduced in the 1980s and became a very popular model due to its exceptionally small footprint. It is the most common of the Zyklon model variations.  
  
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===Z47L===
 
===Z47L===
There are two known to have been produced: [[Colossu's Loop]] at [[Nicolandia Center Park]] and [[Zyklon Loop (Ita Center Park)|Zyklon Loop]] which travels. It is essentially a Z47 with a loop in the middle, which is taken after the first drop.
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There are two known to have been produced: [[Colossu's Loop]] at [[Nicolandia Center Park]] and [[Zyklon Loop (Ita Center Park)|Zyklon Loop]] which travels. It is essentially a Z47 with a loop in the middle, which is taken after the first drop. The track subsequently passes through the center of the loop.
  
 
===ZL50===
 
===ZL50===
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<gallery mode="packed">
 
<gallery mode="packed">
 
File:Cyclone (Blackpool Pleasure Beach).jpg|Older style Zyklon car in station
 
File:Cyclone (Blackpool Pleasure Beach).jpg|Older style Zyklon car in station
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File:Crazy Cat (Wade Shows, Inc.) 01.jpg|Another shot of the oldest style of car
 
File:Super_Jet_(Parque_Mutirama).jpg|Newer style Zyklon car
 
File:Super_Jet_(Parque_Mutirama).jpg|Newer style Zyklon car
 
File:Colossu's Loop car 1.jpg|Final style, used from the late 1990s onwards
 
File:Colossu's Loop car 1.jpg|Final style, used from the late 1990s onwards

Revision as of 23:08, 15 March 2018

Klondike Gold Mine, a ZL42 model

Zyklon was a compact steel roller coaster model range manufactured by Italian company Pinfari. Zyklon roller coasters are easy and quick to transport, assemble and dismantle and thus they are common with travelling showmen. Many have also become permanent attractions at amusement parks.

The Zyklon is very similar in structure and track layout to other portable Italian roller coasters, and as a result the "Zyklon" name is often used to refer to all roller coasters of this style.

Variations

Z40

Rollies Coaster, a Pinfari Z40

Z40 is the smallest and most popular non-looping model designed by Pinfari. It can be identified by the lift hill, which goes diagonally through the ride. The layout has three drops and a single helix.

It has single-car trains, which seat four riders each.

The Z40 track layout is still used by other companies, including Interpark on their Cyclon roller coaster and SBF Visa Group on their Cyclon Coaster (MX49) roller coaster.

Z47

Z47 is the second most popular non-looping Zyklon model designed by Pinfari. It contains two drops and two helices.

It has a very similar layout to that of the Galaxi model from S.D.C., which began to appear around the same time as the Z47.

Z64

A Z64 installation, which was formerly located at Ocean Beach Amusement Park in the United Kingdom

Z64 is the second-largest Zyklon layout. There are eight known to have been built, which operate with either single cars, two-car or three-car trains.

Z78

The back of a Zyklon Z78 coaster

This is the largest model of the Pinfari Zyklon line and has a lift hill crossing diagonally across the ride. There are three known to have been produced:

The first, Himalaya, opened in 1968 and was also the prototype Zyklon installation. Tornado is the only copy thought to still exist.

ZL42

ZL42 is the third looping roller coaster model built by Pinfari. It was introduced in the 1980s and became a very popular model due to its exceptionally small footprint. It is the most common of the Zyklon model variations.

It has three trains, each with three cars that seat four riders each.

Z47L

There are two known to have been produced: Colossu's Loop at Nicolandia Center Park and Zyklon Loop which travels. It is essentially a Z47 with a loop in the middle, which is taken after the first drop. The track subsequently passes through the center of the loop.

ZL50

This model has a larger footprint than the ZL42. Only two are known to have been built.

Comparison

Zyklon

Z40 Z47 Z64 Z78
Height 33 feet 38 feet 52 feet 58 feet
Length 1,100 feet 1,427 feet 1,710 feet
Dimensions 130.7 feet x 49.3 feet 154.9 feet x 56.4 feet 210.7 feet x 53.2 feet 256 feet
Riders per hour (aprox) 900 950 1,000
Cars 6 8 10
Mass (metric tonnes) 34 42 72
Volume (m³) 210 Unknown 450
Power 10 kW (mechanical)
14 kW (lighting)
10 kW (mechanical)
18 kW (lighting)
13 kW (mechanical)
22 kW (lighting)
Reference [1] [2] [3]

Looping Zyklon

ZL42 ZL47 ZL50
Height 36 feet Unknown Unknown
Length 1,198 feet Unknown 1,428 feet
Dimensions 140 feet x 61 feet Unknown 164 feet x 67 feet
Riders per hour (aprox) 600 Unknown 1400
Power 22 kW (mechanical)
35 kW (lighting)
Unknown 20 kW (mechanical)
40 kW (lighting)
References [2] [4]

Images

References