|The top hat element on Top Thrill Dragster, which reaches a height of 420 feet|
|Description||A complete-circuit roller coaster that is 400 to 499 feet tall.|
|First||Top Thrill Dragster - 2003|
|Oldest||Top Thrill Dragster - 2003|
|Newest||Kingda Ka - 2005|
A strata roller coaster is any complete-circuit roller coaster with a height between 400 and 499 (122 and 152 meters). Only two strata coasters have been built worldwide, both of which were designed by Intamin and are located in the United States.
The first roller coaster to break the 400 foot barrier was Superman The Escape, which opened in 1997. While the height of its structure is 415 feet, riders do not reach this height as it is a shuttle roller coaster. For this reason, it is not a strata roller coaster.
Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point became the first true strata roller coaster when it opened on May 4, 2003, at a height of 420 feet. Unlike all prior full-circuit roller coasters to break the height record, Top Thrill Dragster uses a launch to propel riders over its top hat at a top speed of 120 mph. Two years later, Kingda Ka opened at Six Flags Great Adventure. It also uses a top hat, but adds an airtime hill. Reaching a height of 456 feet and a speed of 128 mph, it remains the tallest roller coaster to this day.
|Roller coaster types|
|Track materials||Hybrid • Steel • Wooden|
|Scale||Kiddie • Family • Hyper (200+ feet) • Giga (300+ feet) • Strata (400+ feet)|
|Train configurations||4th Dimension • Bobsled • Floorless • Flying • Inverted • Motorbike (Steeplechase) • Pipeline • Side Friction • Spinning (Virginia Reel) • Stand-Up • Suspended • Winged|
|Track layouts||Figure 8 • Out and Back • Twister • U-shuttle • Wacky Worm (Big Apple) • Wild Mouse|
|Multi-tracked||Number of tracks: 2 (twin, möbius) • 3 (triple) • 4 (quad) • 6 (sextuple)|
|Style||Diving • Mine Train • Water (liquid)|
|Situation||Enclosed • Indoor • Terrain • Travelling|
|Track configurations||Single rail|