|In business||1935 to 2001 (America)|
TOGO, or Togo, was a Japanese roller coaster manufacturer known for inventing the stand-up roller coaster. TOGO is also credited with creating the first working pipeline roller coaster. TOGO created several unique coasters, including its inverting hypercoaster Manhattan Express (now known as The Big Apple Coaster) in Las Vegas, Nevada, which combined large drops, rough transitions, and inversions. Their looping Wild Mouse roller coaster was a ride style with a drop into a vertical loop, followed by the hairpin turns and drops of a traditional Wild Mouse. TOGO is also renowned for inventing the Twist-and-Dive inversion. A variation of this maneuver included half of an inclined loop instead of a half-loop, so the element's end is at an angle. This variation was used on the problematic Viper at Six Flags Great Adventure. Another variation of this inversion is where riders encounter a 180-degree flip that hangs them upside down before diving down the backside of a half-loop. It can currently only be found in the U.S. on The Big Apple Coaster.
Due to numerous problems with Windjammer Surf Racers at Knott's Berry Farm, the only looping Wild Mouse coaster in the U.S., Knott's Berry Farm sued TOGO for $17,000,000. While TOGO won the lawsuit, TOGO's reputation was damaged beyond repair, demands for their coasters quickly receded, and they filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in 2001, closing all of their American offices that year.
Togo's International division, based in Cincinnati, Ohio, filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in 2001.
The last TOGO stand-up roller coaster, Shockwave, at Kings Dominion, closed August 9, 2015. It was the most recent and the last TOGO roller coaster to be removed from the U.S. The only operating TOGO roller coaster in the U.S. is The Big Apple Coaster.
While many of their rides made in the U.S. were known as rough, painful, or uncomfortable experiences, their roller coasters in Asia, such as the Ultratwister model are smoother and many consider them enjoyable.
A division of the company (called トーゴサービス in Japanese), which was established in 1974, continues to operate.
TOGO manufactures new parts for rides and is open to new coaster proposals.
- "Twist and Dive Inversion| manhattan Express, New York New York Hotel and Casino". Ultimate Roller Coaster. https://www.ultimaterollercoaster.com/coasters/pictures/express/express5.shtml.
- "The Failure Of Windjammer Surf Racers: The End Of TOGO International | Expedition Knott's Berry Farm". Expedition Theme Park. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcLoQPOQlh8.
- "Bankruptcies", The Cincinnati Enquirer (2001-03-11), pp. 48. Retrieved on 28 October 2021.
- "TOGO". CoasterForce. https://coasterforce.com/togo/.
- "トーゴサービスの歩み". 株式会社トーゴサービス. http://www.tohgo.co.jp/publics/index/6/. Retrieved 2021-10-24.
- "コースター新提案". Togo Service Co. http://www.tohgo.co.jp/publics/index/15/.