A vertical loop is a roller coaster element in which the track makes a 360 degree oval shape vertically, as opposed to a horizontal loop which is essentially a helix. Inverting riders once, it is the first known inversion and the most common today.
A relatively new element is the non-inverted loop which is shaped like a vertical loop, however the track continually twists in such a way that riders are never inverted.
The first vertical loops were built in the 19th century. However they suffered from intense forces due to their circular shape.
|Inverting||Banana roll • Batwing • Bent cuban eight • Bowtie • Butterfly • Cobra loop • Cobra roll • Corkscrew • Cutback • Dive drop • Dive loop • Diving turn • Double dip • Fly to lie / Lie to fly • Flying snake dive • Heartline roll • Immelman • Inclined dive loop • Inclined loop • In-line twist • Interlocking corkscrews • Interlocking loops • Lagoon roll • Norwegian loop • Pretzel knot • Pretzel loop • Raven turn • Reverse sidewinder • Roll over • Saxophone • Sidewinder • SkyLoop • Step-up under flip • Tongue • Top-Gun stall • Twisted horseshoe roll • Vertical loop • Zero-g roll • Zero-g stall|
|Non-inverting||Hammerhead turn • Helix • High five • Non-inverted loop • Splashdown • Stengel dive • Tilt section • Trick track • Triple dip • Tunnel • Turntable • Vertical drop track|