Top hat

Inside top hat on Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast
Outside top hat on Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster

A top hat (sometimes called a top cap) is an element most often used on launched roller coasters. It consists of an ascent at a 90 degree angle immediately followed by a 90-degree descent in the opposite direction from which the train enters. Often, vertical twists precede and follow the top hat element.

Both Kingda Ka and Top Thrill Dragster feature a giant top hat.

The inside top hat (also known as a top hat inversion) is a different type of top hat, that features an inversion. When the train approaches the top of the "hat", it makes a 90 degree lateral twist so that it is on the inside of the element (hence the name). Once the train reaches the top, passengers are briefly suspended upside down before dropping in the opposite direction from which they enter.

Examples

Below is a list of all the roller coasters with a top hat element. All of them are steel sit-down roller coasters.

Outside top hat

Name Amusement park Manufacturer Opened Status
Anubis The Ride
Plopsaland De Panne
Gerstlauer 2009 Operating
Euro Express
Romon U-Park
Intamin 2015 Operating
Fury
Bobbejaanland
Gerstlauer 2019 Operating
Gold Rush
Attractiepark Slagharen
Gerstlauer 2017 Operating
Ice Breaker
SeaWorld Orlando
Premier Rides 2021 Under construction
iSpeed
Mirabilandia
Intamin 2009 Operating
Junker
PowerLand
Gerstlauer 2015 Operating
Karacho
Erlebnispark Tripsdrill
Gerstlauer 2013 Operating
Kingda Ka
Six Flags Great Adventure
Intamin 2005 Operating
Lynet
Fårup Sommerland
Gerstlauer 2008 Operating
Nefeskesen
Vialand
Intamin 2013 Operating
Pantheon
Busch Gardans Williamsburg
Intamin 2021 Under Construction
Red Fire
ViaSea
Intamin 2015 Operating
Red Force
Ferrari Land
Intamin 2017 Operating
Skycar
Mysterious Island
Intamin 2005 Operating
Sky Rocket
Kennywood
Premier Rides 2010 Operating
Star Trek: Operation Enterprise
Movie Park Germany
Mack Rides 2017 Operating
Stealth
Thorpe Park
Intamin 2006 Operating
Storm Runner
Hersheypark
Intamin 2004 Operating
Superman Escape
Warner Bros. Movie World
Intamin 2005 Operating
Taiga
Linnanmäki
Intamin 2019 Operating
Top Thrill Dragster
Cedar Point
Intamin 2003 Operating
Toutatis
Parc Astérix
Intamin 2023 Under Construction
VelociCoaster
Universal's Islands of Adventure
Intamin 2021 Operating
Wrath of Zeus
VinWonders
Vekoma 2020 Operating
Xcelerator
Knott's Berry Farm
Intamin 2002 Operating
Zaturn
Space World
Intamin 2006 Closed 2017
unknown
Vinpearl Land
Vekoma 2018 Under construction
unknown
World Fairytale Land
Vekoma 2020 Under construction
unknown
Chengdu Wanda City
Intamin 2018 Under construction
unknown
Formerly Kanonen
Lost Island Theme Park
Liseberg
Intamin 2022
2005
In Storage
Closed 2016

Inside top hat

Name Amusement park Manufacturer Opened Status
Dragon Legend
Romon U-Park
Maurer AG 2015 Operating
Freischütz
Bayern Park
Maurer AG 2011 Operating
Helix
Liseberg
Mack Rides 2014 Operating
Junker
PowerLand
Gerstlauer 2015 Operating
Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast
Six Flags Over Texas
Premier Rides 1998 Operating
Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast
Six Flags St. Louis
Premier Rides 1998 Operating
Soaring with Dragon
Hefei Wanda Theme Park
Intamin 2016 Operating
Takabisha
Fuji-Q Highland
Gerstlauer 2011 Operating
TMNT Shellraiser
Nickelodeon Universe
Gerstlauer 2019 Operating
Yamaha Racing Coaster
Trans Studio Indoor Theme Park
Premier Rides 2011 Operating
unknown
Formerly Batman and Robin: The Chiller
Beto Carrero World
Six Flags Great Adventure
Premier Rides Unknown
1998
In storage
Closed 2007