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roller coaster
X (Six Flags Magic Mountain) 1.jpg
X before its transition into X².
Six Flags Magic Mountain
Location Valencia, California, USA
Status Operating since January 12, 2002 (as X)

May 24, 2008 (as X²)

Cost $46,000,000 USD
Manufacturer Arrow Dynamics
Type Steel - 4th Dimension - Hyper
Riders per train 28
Hourly capacity 1,600
Propulsion Chain lift hill
Height175 feet
Δ elevation190 feet
Drop215 feet
Top speed76 mph
Length3610 feet
Steepest drop88.5°
G-force4 g
X2 logo.gif

is an Arrow Dynamics 4th Dimension roller coaster located at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California, USA.[1] The ride first opened to the public in 2002 as X. In 2007, the ride was closed for upgrades and renamed . The ride has a design in which the seats can rotate forward or backward 360° in a controlled spin. X² cost 46 million dollars, making it one of the most expensive roller coasters on the planet. It is the last roller coaster that Arrow Dynamics ever built and is believed to have made them bankrupt.

History[edit | edit source]

X was going to open in 2001, but the coaster had design flaws. This caused the coaster to be delayed until 2002. However, X operated exclusively for season passholders starting on December 24, 2001.[2] The ride opened on January 12, 2002. It was the first 4th Dimension roller coaster in the world[3] With the opening of X, the park had fifteen roller coasters, the most in one park at the time.[4] It had pink track and yellow supports.

X was closed from June 4 to August 12, 2002 due to problems with the trains.[5] The ride also closed down sometime in mid-August 2006 due to a blown gear box part and reopened on February 3, 2007.

On November 1, 2007, it was announced that X would be re-modeled to become . The ride was re-painted red and gray, similar to the colors of Eejanaika, another 4th Dimension roller coaster. An on-ride soundtrack and fire effects were added as a result. The ride opened on May 24, 2008.

Mechanics[edit | edit source]

X2 car.jpg

The rotation of the cars is achieved by having four rails on the track: two of these are running rails while the other two are for spin control. The two rails that control the spin of the seats move up and down relative to the track and spin the seats using a rack and pinion gear mechanism.

Design[edit | edit source]


The ride begins by ascending 175 feet, then ascending a further 15 feet after a short drop. While ascending the lift hill, the cars rotate so riders are looking out over the park, but tilt back 90 degrees to be looking directly upwards during the first short drop. Just prior to the 215-foot main drop, the seats rotate 180 degrees so the riders are facing the ground. The train enters an inside Raven turn, where the cars are rotated halfway to form the Lie to fly element. After exiting the turn, the cars rotate 360 degrees imitating a back flip. The trains then enter a sweeping fan twist which incorporates a 180 degree rotation of the cars, or Fly to lie maneuver. As the train enters the outside Raven turn, flamethrower effects are seen overhead. The Raven turn is followed by another half twist and the final brake run. The on-board soundtrack plays throughout the duration of the ride, and includes Sinatra’s ‘It Had to Be You’, Metallica’s ‘Enter Sandman’, and finally a Rage Against the Machine song.

References[edit | edit source]