|Click here to watch the on-ride POV|
|X before its transition into X².|
|Type||Steel - 4th Dimension - Hyper|
|Riders per train||28|
|Propulsion||Chain lift hill|
Δ elevation190 feet
Top speed76 mph
X² is an Arrow Dynamics 4th Dimension roller coaster located at Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California, USA. It is a prototype 4th Dimension Coaster by Arrow Dynamics. The ride first opened to the public in 2002 as X. In 2007, the ride was closed for upgrades and renamed X². The ride has a design in which the seats can rotate forward or backward 360° in a controlled spin. X² cost 46 million dollars, making it one of the most expensive roller coasters on the planet. It is the last roller coaster that Arrow Dynamics ever built as the extreme cost caused the company to go bankrupt.
History[edit | edit source]
X was going to open in 2001, but the coaster had design flaws, which caused the opening to be delayed to 2002. However, X operated exclusively for season passholders starting on December 24, 2001. The ride opened on January 12, 2002. It was the first 4th Dimension roller coaster in the world. With the opening of X, the park had fifteen roller coasters, the most in one park at the time. It had pink track and yellow supports.
Arrow Dynamics filed for bankruptcy in December 2001, a month before the opening of X.
X was closed from June 4 to August 12, 2002 due to problems with the trains. The ride also closed down sometime in mid-August 2006 due to a blown gear box part and reopened on February 3, 2007.
On November 1, 2007, it was announced that X would be re-modeled to become X². The ride was re-painted red and gray, similar to the colors of Eejanaika, another 4th Dimension roller coaster. An on-ride soundtrack and fire effects were added as a result. The ride opened on May 24, 2008.
Mechanics[edit | edit source]
The rotation of the cars is achieved by having four rails on the track: two of these are running rails while the other two are for spin control. The two rails that control the spin of the seats move up and down relative to the track and spin the seats using a rack and pinion gear mechanism.
Design[edit | edit source]
The ride begins by ascending 175 feet, then ascending a further 15 feet after a short drop. While ascending the lift hill, the cars rotate so riders are looking out over the park, but tilt back 90 degrees to be looking directly upwards during the first short drop. Just prior to the 215-foot main drop, the seats rotate 180 degrees so the riders are facing the ground. The train enters an inside Raven turn, where the cars are rotated halfway to form the Lie to fly element. After exiting the turn, the cars rotate 360 degrees imitating a back flip. The trains then enter a sweeping fan twist which incorporates a 180 degree rotation of the cars, or Fly to lie maneuver. As the train enters the outside Raven turn, flamethrower effects are seen overhead. The Raven turn is followed by another half twist and the final brake run. The on-board soundtrack plays throughout the duration of the ride, and includes Frank Sinatra’s ‘It Had to Be You’, Metallica’s ‘Enter Sandman’, and finally a Rage Against the Machine song.
Photo Gallery[edit | edit source]
X[edit | edit source]
X2[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Six Flags Magic Mountain website information
- Six Flags (Magic Mountain) by Alejandro Hillmann on Prezi
- X Debuts To Passholders at Six Flags Magic Mountain - Ultimate Rollercoaster
- Six Flags Opens "X" Ride - Coaster Globe (Wayback Archive)
- Most Anticipated Ride Of The Decade Explodes Into Action - Ultimate Rollercoaster
- Magic Mountain reopens X - Amusement Today (Wayback archive)
[edit | edit source]
- on the Roller Coaster DataBase.
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