Millennium Force

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Millennium Force
Millennium Force drop.jpg
roller coaster
Cedar Point
Location Sandusky, Ohio, USA
Status Operating since May 13, 2000
Cost $25,000,000 USD
Height restriction 48 inches (122 cm)
Manufacturer Intamin
Designer / calculations Ing.-Büro Stengel GmbH
Type Steel - Giga
Model / product Giga Coaster
Riders per train 36
Hourly capacity 1300
Propulsion Cable lift
Height310 feet
Drop300 feet
Top speed93 mph
Length6595 feet
Steepest drop80°
Millennium Force logo.png

Millennium Force is an Intamin built giga roller coaster located at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio, USA. It was the park's fourteenth roller coaster since Blue Streak in 1964. When it opened on May 13, 2000, it was the first complete circuit roller coaster over 300 feet tall and was briefly the tallest full-circuit roller coaster in the world. It was surpassed by Steel Dragon 2000 in August 2000.

Millennium Force receives consistent high ratings from the Golden Ticket Awards. It switched between first and second place with the somewhat similar Superman The Ride at Six Flags New England until 2016, when it was beaten by Fury 325 at Carowinds.

History[edit | edit source]

Cedar Point began planning this next coaster in 1997. Originally, Morgan was bid on to build the ride. However, Cedar Fair went with Intamin instead, since they offered up a more interesting layout and the fast cable lift, which would make it faster to reach the monstrous apex of the first hill.

On July 2, 1999, Cedar Fair filed a trademark for the name Millennium Force.[1]

The roller coaster was announced on July 22, 1999.[2] It was the first major coaster built to take advantage of the internet, with both a teaser video and construction updates released onto the web.Citation needed

Millennium Force opened to the media on May 11, 2000, two days prior to the official opening on May 13.[3][4]

On September 2, 2001, Millennium Force was closed after one of the cables separated, leaving 30 employees stranded 275 feet above the ground for an hour.[5]

General information[edit | edit source]

A train on an airtime hill

Millennium Force was opened at Cedar Point in 2000, named for its introduction in the new millennium. The roller coaster broke eight records by itself and helped its park break five others (see below). The coaster was Cedar Point's 14th. An 800-horsepower motor located below the lift hill, turns a set of sprocket gears to operate this mechanism.

Design[edit | edit source]

Millennium Force uses a cable lift hill rather than a more traditional chain lift. While cable lifts had been used on small roller coasters, this was the first time the technology had been used on a large scale.

Trains[edit | edit source]

3 trains with 9 cars per train. In each car, riders are arranged 2 across in 2 rows for a total of 36 riders per train. Riders are held in by individual seatbelts and lap-bars.

Station[edit | edit source]

Millennium Force has separate areas for loading and unloading. Within the station there is a dedicated queue for the front row.[6]


Ride experience[edit | edit source]

Millennium Force.jpg

The catch car for Millennium Force's cable lift carries the train up the 310 foot hill at a 45-degree angle in a little over 20 seconds by latching onto the middle of the train. The train then drops 300 feet at an 80-degree angle, reaching a top speed of 93 mph. It then climbs a 169 feet overbanked turn at 122 degrees. Then the train travels through the first tunnel and over a 182 feet parabolic airtime hill, passing over a lagoon and down onto Millennium Island. While on Millennium Island, the train completes a 105 feet, 360-degree helix, followed by a left overbanked turn and then a small right-hand turn before traveling over another airtime hill to exit the island. The train then travels over a smaller airtime hill and into another tunnel, right next to the first tunnel from earlier in the ride. A final airtime hill, right next to the queue, is crested. The train finishes the ride by traveling through a 68 feet overbanked turn over the queue and stops at the brake run. Riders exit the train at the exit platform, and the train then returns to the station.

Color scheme[edit | edit source]

The trains are colored red, blue or yellow with the Millennium Force logo on the front of each train.

Rankings and records[edit | edit source]

World records[edit | edit source]

When Millennium Force opened, it broke 11 world records:

Coaster records[edit | edit source]

  1. First ever complete circuit roller coaster to top 300 feet
  2. Tallest complete circuit roller coaster (310 feet)
  3. Longest drop on a complete circuit roller coaster (300 feet)
  4. Fastest complete circuit roller coaster (93 mph)
  5. Steepest non-inversion banked turn on a roller coaster (122°)
  6. First roller coaster to feature a magnetic brake system

Park records[edit | edit source]

  1. Most rides at an amusement park (68/75)
  2. Most roller coasters at an amusement park (14/17)
  3. Most complete-circuit roller coasters over 200 feet high at an amusement park (first park to have more than one) (2/5)
  4. Most steel roller coasters at an amusement park (12/15)
  5. Most feet of roller coaster track at an amusement park (44,013 feet/53,963 feet)

Note: (Record at 2000/Current Statistic)

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Millennium Force has serviced over 12 million riders since its opening.
  • Part of the area of the park occupied only by Millennium Force's track is known as "Millennium Island."
  • At night, the track is lit up by neon lights.
  • This coaster is one of the few that requires riders to buy lockers in the queue to store loose items.
  • During "Halloweekends," some sections of the track travel through mist.
  • In theme park sim game Planet Coaster, the giga coaster Invincible is based on Millennium Force.

Photo Gallery[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Tallest complete-circuit roller coaster
May 2000 - August 2000
Preceded by
Tallest complete-circuit roller coaster
May 2000 - August 2000
Succeeded by
Steel Dragon 2000
Fastest complete-circuit roller coaster
May 2000 - August 2000
Preceded by
Fastest complete-circuit roller coaster
May 2000 - August 2000
Succeeded by
Steel Dragon 2000