Volcano The Blast Coaster

Roller coaster
Click here to watch the on-ride POV
Volcano: The Blast Coaster
Volcano The Blast Coaster (Kings Dominion) entrance.jpg
The sign and ride
Kings Dominion
Location Doswell, Virginia, USA
Status Defunct
Operated August 3, 1998 to 2018
Cost $20,000,000
Replaced Smurf Mountain
Haunted River
Manufacturer Intamin
Product Suspended Catapult Coaster
Designer / calculations Ing.-Büro Stengel GmbH
Type Steel - Launched - Inverted
Riders per train 16
Propulsion 2 LIM launches
Height 155 feet
Drop 80 feet
Top speed 70 mph
Length 2757 feet
Inversions 4
Drop angle 90°
Duration 1:10

Volcano: The Blast Coaster was an Intamin launched inverted roller coaster located at Kings Dominion in Doswell, Virginia, USA. Opened on August 3, 1998, it was the first launched inverted roller coaster and the only one to complete a full circuit until the opening of Battlestar Galactica at Universal Studios Singapore in 2010. It was the fastest inverted coaster when it first opened, as well as having the world's tallest inversion. The ride was located in the Safari Village section of the park. It was also the only Suspended Catapult Coaster by Intamin.[1][2]


An overview of the ride

The volcano that the ride was built in and around has existed since 1979 and a number of attractions were set inside the mountain before the volcano existed, such as Smurf Mountain. The huge fiberglass structure was originally home to three attractions that made the park's Lost World section. The main attraction, an Arrow Dynamics log flume first known as Haunted River occupied the mountain's interior. The attractions would go on to operate for 16 years before closing for good in 1995. The next year, Flight of Fear opened near the vacant mountain.[3]

Paramount Parks, the owner of Kings Dominion back then, released a five-year plan for the park from 1994-1999. The plans were called for a Nickelodeon-themed kids area (now Planet Snoopy), Flight of Fear, and Top Gun: The Jet Coaster. Top Gun would've been a Bolliger & Mabillard Inverted Coaster like Montu at Busch Gardens Tampa and Flight Deck at California's Great America. But the company declined the project and went to nearby Busch Gardens Williamsburg instead to build Alpengeist. Kings Dominion then approached Intamin, contracting the company on their Suspended Catapult Coaster model. But instead of being Top Gun-themed, it instead was slated for the park's Smurf Mountain, and would be volcano-themed.[4] Kings Dominion is the only former Paramount park that did not get a Top Gun coaster.

The former spot of Smurf Mountain was originally set to be the home of a new attraction based on the 1995 film Congo, but these plans fell through after the film underperformed at the box office.[2] Starting in the fall of 1996, all three attractions inside and around the volcano were removed to make way for the ride. Kings Dominion began teasing the attraction, with July 1997 the day where the ride would be announced.[5]

On July 22, 1997, Kings Dominion announced that they would be adding Volcano The Blast Coaster. It would be a prototype Suspended Catapult Coaster by Intamin.[6]

As part of development, all traces of the attraction's predecessors were removed. In order to build the ride, several holes would have to be sliced into the mountain, much like Wonder Mountain's Guardian at Canada's Wonderland. The mountain was gutted on the inside and the summit was lopped off. The opening was then modified to allow a train to pass through. Soon enough, the mountain was transformed into a volcano. Part of Haunted River's flume was left next to the ride's post-ride gift shop, at the base of the volcano.

The entrance archway and test seat

Volcano was plagued with technical issues early on. At that time, LIM technology was still fairly new to the industry and the system had many bugs. Kings Dominion understood the challenge, having faced similar obstacles with the nearby Flight of Fear. Following multiple delays, the attraction soft opened on August 1, 1998.[7] Volcano: The Blast Coaster would open to the public two days later on August 3, 1998.[1] It was the only Suspended Catapult Coaster ever built. It smashed Alpengeist's record for fastest inverted coaster, at 70 mph, was the fastest launching coaster in North America at that time, and featured the world's highest inversion, a 16-story roll out that looped out of the volcano's crater. It was an instant hoot with thrill junkies, and was proudly proclaimed by the park as, "Virginia's only active volcano." Guests waited up to 5 hours to ride Volcano The Blast Coaster. The ride would remain wildly popular with guests from opening until its demise.

The attraction did not have an LIM boost during its first year of operation. This resulted in the coaster's trains often failing to crest the first inversion, and rollbacks were frequent. In order to ensure that the ride could make it over the roll out, Kings Dominion ran the trains with only half capacity; only eight people got to ride on one train as it had four seats.[8] During the 1998-1999 off-season, Volcano was upgraded with a second launch between the roll out and first turn. In addition, the trains returned to normal capacity.

For the 2002 season, the restraints were repainted black. They were originally yellow.

Maintenance was a hassle with Volcano. The unique design of the ride, coupled with the prototype launch system, made replacement parts very hard to come by. Most had to be made overseas at Intamin's plant and shipped to the park for assembly. In addition, the mountain made accessing the higher points on the coaster tricky; workers had to zipline from the mountain summit to the desired track.

In 2014, the queue line was updated with a new loading station. At that point, riders passed through the old separate loading station.[9]

By 2018, Volcano The Blast Coaster suffered extreme technical difficulties. The coaster operated for a few weeks during the season. The coaster last operated in July 2018. The ride had been operating intermittently, and no comment was made on the closure. Kings Dominion frantically tried to get the coaster back online. Volcano was testing a couple of times. However, the mountain had several holes, as too much stress was put on the track. Re-tracking the ride wasn't an option, as the uniqueness of the coaster made new track segments difficult to come by. The park ordered a replacement coaster for Volcano, but to no avail. According to Kings Dominion, the ride had reached the end of its service life. To keep it running, they would need to spend an exorbitant amount of money and redo the whole ride from scratch, similar to what Universal's Islands of Adventure did with The Incredible Hulk Coaster.[10] But the park did not possess the resources needed for such an enormous undertaking. They knew this ride was a fan favorite, but rebuilding the coaster became far beyond their resources.[11]

On February 8, 2019, during the off-season, Kings Dominion announced that Volcano The Blast Coaster would no longer be in operation. Park fans were shocked and devastated at its removal.[12] By June, everything was demolished, as well as the mountain. A section of track, a car and signage was donated to the National Roller Coaster Museum.[13]


Volcano The Blast Coaster in 2002

Ride experience

Volcano used a first-of-its-kind launch system to propel the train to 70 mph in just seconds. The loading station was housed inside the mountain, in an almost cave-like structure. After departing the loading station, riders made a 90 degree turn and approached the LIM launch, where the train launched from 0-70 mph 3.7 seconds. The coaster made a broad, sweeping, 200 degree turn to the left before reentering the volcano and being boosted by another LIM launch, accelerating the train from 40 mph-65 mph in 1.5 seconds. The second launch would lead directly into a 155 foot tall roll out. The coaster turned left and entered a series of banked curves and three heartline rolls, the first being 140 feet, the second being 125 feet and the third being 113 feet, meant to reduce monotony, before dropping 80 feet into the mountain and hitting the brakes.

Color scheme

Volcano The Blast Coaster had a yellow track and maroon supports.


3 trains with 4 cars per train. In each car, riders are arranged 2 across in 2 rows, for a total of 16 riders per train. Riders were held in by over-the-shoulder restraints.


On June 23, 2006, a train rolled back down the track, and the riders were hit with shards of metal that flew as one of the launch systems was badly damaged. Fifteen riders had to be rescued and two were injured, one suffering a contusion in his arm and a cracked skull. The injured ones were later taken to the hospital. It was determined that the train that had passed before the hit one had loosened some of the steel that held the launch track in place, and when the second train passed, it dislodged a fragment of the launch, sending metal shards hurling at guests. Volcano remained closed for three weeks after the incident before returning to operation on the grounds that the incident was the result of human error and not faulty equipment.[14]


Volcano The Blast Coaster (Kings Dominion) 2007 02.jpg
  • During operation, eruption sound effects, timed to coincide with the inversion out of the volcano's summit, played in the queue. A fire effect on the mountain also was added during the ride's early years.
  • Volcano: The Blast Coaster serviced around 18-20 million riders during its lifetime.
  • The fire that erupted from the mountain top would occasionally, if conditions were right, produce hovering smoke rings that would instigate UFO sightings. This caused the ride to be featured on the news. Similar rings have been observed above other coasters to use flamethrowers, like Medusa at Six Flags Great Adventure.Citation needed
  • After the ride closed, Kings Dominion gave fans permission to turn the former entrance into a memorial for the ride. Within five days of the park's 2019 season opening, the entrance was turned into the largest makeshift coaster monument ever.[15]
  • The gift shop is one of the only remnants from Volcano: The Blast Coaster.
  • Volcano: The Blast Coaster only appeared during the Winterfest event in 2018. However, the ride did not operate at all due to its mechanical flaws.
  • Contrary to common belief, Volcano: The Blast Coaster is not the only full-circuit inverted launch coaster. Battlestar Galactica at Universal Studios Singapore is a dueling coaster with a launched inverted and launched sit-down side, both complete-circuit. The same is true of Dueling Dragons, another Intamin build. Both inverted sides use LSM launches instead of LIM launches, however.



  1. 1.0 1.1 "Volcano - The Blast Coaster". ThrillRide!. http://thrillride.com/volcano/volcano.html. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Volcano Blast Coaster - COASTER-net". https://www.coaster-net.com/volcano-blast-coaster.html. 
  3. "Outer Limits Flight of Fear News clip from Paramount's Kings Dominion June 1996". Coaster Jeff. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2c2yNK5JbBs. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  4. ""Long Lost proposed Kings Dominion coaster rediscovered"". Coasternation. https://coasternation.com/long-lost-proposed-kings-dominion-coaster-rediscovered/. 
  5. "The Closed History of Volcano: The Blast Coaster - Kings Dominion (Expedition Theme Park)". Expedition Theme Park. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzLVNgtGrv8. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  6. "Volcano the blast coaster at Paramounts Kings Dominion News announcement from 1997". Coaster Jeff. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRUylJhNEWg. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  7. "VOLCANO OPENS WITH RAVE REVIEWS". https://www.ultimaterollercoaster.com/news/archives/1998/news_aug98.shtml. 
  8. "Volcano The Blast Coaster construction in 1998 and opening with 8 seats- Paramount's Kings Dominion". Coaster Jeff. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JtIa9xkpV0. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  9. "Volcano Updated Queue & Operations for 2014". In The Loop. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RGzq98r1QEY. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  10. "Top 10 Most Missed Removed Roller Coasters". Theme Park Crazy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pmuMLMlU7uo. Retrieved October 25, 2019. 
  11. "The Rise & Fall of Volcano: The Blast Coaster - Kings Dominion". Theme Park Crazy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bykXwlmUKbo. Retrieved April 19, 2020. 
  12. "Park Update". Kings Dominion. https://www.kingsdominion.com/blog/2019/park-update. 
  13. Ringas, Elizabeth (September 17, 2019). "Volcano Arrives at National Roller Coaster Museum and Archives". American Coaster Enthusiasts. http://acemidatlantic.org/2019/09/17/volcano-arrives-at-national-roller-coaster-museum-and-archives/. Retrieved February 2, 2021. 
  14. "Launch failure on Kings Dominion's Volcano strands 15, hurts 2". https://www.themeparkinsider.com/flume/200606/140/. 
  15. "Theme Park Review - Photo TR: Opening Day at Kings Dominion". https://www.themeparkreview.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=1901238. 

External links

The category Volcano The Blast Coaster contains additional media.
Highest inversion on a roller coaster
August 3, 1998 – May 10, 2013
Preceded by
Mr. Freeze
Highest inversion on a roller coaster
August 3, 1998 – May 10, 2013
Succeeded by
Fastest inverted roller coaster
August 3, 1998 – May 5, 2002
Preceded by
Fastest inverted roller coaster
August 3, 1998 – May 5, 2002
Succeeded by
Wicked Twister

Articles on Kings Dominion
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