A top hat (sometimes called a top cap) is an element most often used on launched roller coasters. It consists of an ascent at a 90 degree angle immediately followed by a 90-degree descent. Often, vertical twists precede and follow the top hat element.
The inside top hat (also known as a top hat inversion) is a different type of top hat, that features an inversion. When the train approaches the top of the "hat", it makes a 90 degree lateral twist so that it is on the inside of the element (hence the name), and once it reaches the top hat's apex the train is upside down under the track.
Examples[edit | edit source]
Outside top hat[edit | edit source]
Inside top hat[edit | edit source]
|Dragon Legend||Romon U-Park||Maurer AG||2015||Operating|
|Freischütz||Bayern Park||Maurer AG||2011||Operating|
|Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast||Six Flags Over Texas||Premier Rides||1998||Operating|
|Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast||Six Flags St. Louis||Premier Rides||1998||Operating|
|Soaring with Dragon||Hefei Wanda Theme Park||Intamin||2016||Operating|
|Yamaha Racing Coaster||Trans Studio Indoor Theme Park||Premier Rides||2011||Operating|
|Batman and Robin: The Chiller||Six Flags Great Adventure||Premier Rides||1998||Closed 2007|